Hispanoesfera

Hispanophone (Spanish: hispanohablantes, hispanoparlantes or hispanofonía; also castellanohablantes, castellanoparlantes, or castellanofonía) or Hispanosphere denotes Spanish language speakers and the Spanish-speaking world. The word derives from the Latin political name of the Iberian Peninsula, Hispania, which comprised basically the territory of the modern states of Spain, Portugal and Andorra.

Hispanophones are estimated at between 450 and 500 million globally, making Spanish the second most spoken language in terms of native speakers. Around 360 million live in Hispanic America and 46 million in Spain. There are a large number of Spanish speakers in the United States, comprising more than 34 million. There are also smaller Hispanophone groups in Canada, northern Morocco, Equatorial Guinea, Western Sahara the Philippines and Brazil as well as in many other places around the world, particularly large cities in Western Europe, and Australia.

In a cultural, rather than merely linguistic sense, the notion of "Hispanophone" goes further than the above definition. The Hispanic culture is the legacy of the Spanish colonial empire, and so the term can refer to people whose cultural background is primarily associated with Spain, regardless of ethnic or geographical differences. In a cultural sense, the whole of Hispanophones are sometimes called the Hispanidad.

The following countries have Spanish as the official language, either de jure or de facto. (By number of speakers)
Country/territoryPopulation
 Mexico105.790.700
 Spain45.200.737
 Colombia44.073.000
 Argentina39.248.000
 Peru27.191.000
 Venezuela26.021.000
 Chile15.795.000
 Guatemala14.325.000
 Cuba11.285.000
 Ecuador10.946.000
 Dominican Republic8.850.000
 Honduras7.267.000
 Bolivia7.010.000
 El Salvador6.859.000
 Nicaragua5.503.000
 Paraguay4.737.000
 Costa Rica4.220.000
 Puerto Rico4.017.000
 Uruguay3.442.000
 Panama3.108.000
 Equatorial Guinea1.120.000
 Belize206.404
 Andorra50.322
 Western Sahara37.132
 Gibraltar28.500

Hispanosphere where Spanish is not the official language
Country/territory  PopulationPercentage
 United States44.136.92914,75%
 Philipines3.180.0003%
 France2.000.0003,10%
 Brazil1.015.0560,55%
 Canada909.0003,00%
 Moroco360.7061,09%
 Belize206.40473,72%
 Andorra50.32270,06%
Source: Wikipedia
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